Treason Act 1351

Treason Act of 1351

Declaration what offences shall be adjudged treason.

Item, whereas divers opinions have been before this time in what case reason shall be said, and in what not; the King, at the request of the lords and of the commons, hath made a declaration in the manner as hereafter followeth, that is to say; when a man doth compass or imagine the death of our lord the King, or of our lady his Queen or of their eldest son and heir; or if a man do violate the King's companion, or the King's eldest daughter unmarried, or the wife the King's eldest son and heir; or if a man do levy war against our lord the King in his realm, or be adherent to the King's enemies in his realm, giving to them aid and comfort in the realm, or elsewhere, and thereof be probably attainted of open deed by the people of their condition:. . . and if a
man slea the chancellor, treasurer, or the King's justices of the one bench or the other, justices in eyre, or justices of assise, and all other justices assigned to hear and determine, being in their places, doing their offices: and it is to be understood, that in the cases above rehearsed, that ought to be judged treason which extends to our lord the King, and his royal majesty:. .

Original Anglo-French version (25 Edw. III, stat.5, c.2)

Auxint perceo que diverses opinions ount este einz ces heures qeu cas, quant il avient doit estre dit treson, & en quel cas noun, le Roi a la requeste des Seigneurs & de la Commene, ad fait declarissement que ensuit, Cest assavoir; quant home fait compasser ou ymaginer la mort nostre Seigneur le Roi, ma dame sa compaigne, ou de lour fitz primer & heir; ou si home violast la compaigne le Roi, ou leisnesce fille le Roi nient marie, ou la compaigne leisne fits & heir du Roi; & si home leve leve de guerre contre nostre dit Seigneur le Roi en son Roialme, ou soit aherdant as enemys nostre nostre Seigneur le Roi & le Roialme, donant a eux eid ou confort en son Roialme, ou per aillours, & ceo provablement soit atteint de overt faite per gentz de lour condicion: … et si home tuast Chanceller, Tresorer, ou Justice nostre Seigneur le Roi del un Baunk ou del autre, Justice en Eir & del assizes & toutes autres Justices assignez a oier & terminer esteiantz en lour places en fesantz lour offices: et fait a entendre qen les cases suisnomez doit estre ajjuge treson que sestont a nostre Seigneur le Roi & a sa roial majeste:…